Context, Purpose and Goals
The Global Governance Group (GG10), was created in New York in June 2012 by a group of independent researchers from 10 different regions who were involved in a project on evaluating the effectiveness of global governance initiatives. The GG10 is a multi-disciplinary, multi-national group of independent experts whose main goal is to monitor and evaluate global governance and achieve a truly world view, free of West-centric or other kinds of biases. By analysing and identifying achievements and failures, the GG10 wishes to propose innovative solutions for more efficient, credible and accountable world governance.
While taking into consideration the state of the art of research on global governance, the GG10 aims to innovate and to propose alternative views, particularly concerning the relationship between experts and officials. The GG10 thereby intends to take consistent steps towards building tighter links between initiatives by communities of experts and by global governance institutions and actors.
The backbone of the work of the GG10 will be an evaluation of the capacity of multilateral institutions and mechanisms to address the main issues in the international agenda, with a focus on four main topic clusters: peace and security; development and the world economy; financial regulation; and natural resources and climate change.
The response of the international community to unforeseen events or particular issues – the most critical topics every year as identified by the GG10, which in 2011 included the Arab awakening and the natural and nuclear disaster that hit Japan – is also considered as a case study in world or regional governance.
Guidelines, Principles and Approach
The key guidelines, principles and approaches defined by the members of the GG10, which serve to monitor and evaluate Global Governance, are listed below. The guidelines are reflected in all GG10 publications and work, in particular its Yearly Reports.
- Evaluating world governance is understood as measuring the capacity of multilateral institutions and initiatives to deal with challenges that affect individuals across borders. The agendas of citizens are often different from those of states, and the observable ‘disconnect’ between governments and citizens is addressed whenever relevant. The GG10 will emphasize a citizen-centred as opposed to state-centred approach in its work.
- The scope of the evaluation transcends the UN system. So-called ‘mini-multilateral’ initiatives such as the G20 and regional cooperation organisations and groupings, and all state and non-state actors working outside global institutions and intergovernmental processes are taken on board. This means examining the roles of private actors and civil society organisations and networks and avoiding a wholly state-centric analysis. The GG10 will take into account the full range actors that play a relevant role in world governance.
- Both the ‘blocking’ and ‘energising’ effect of new global actors on multilateral institutions and frameworks is explored in connection with domestic politics and strategies, with a special focus on shifting paradigms and fresh approaches as a result of the rise of new emerging powers in Asia and Latin America. The GG10 will also examine the interplay between national and international agendas, with a focus on established and aspiring world powers and the way their global policies are shaped by domestic concerns.
- Regionalism and region-to-region or region-to-country relations as well as enhanced cooperation between groups of states to address global challenges are increasingly a feature of international relations. The GG1o will examine existing regional governance mechanisms and their ability to address transnational challenges. In particular, the GG10 explores the ways in which regional and global governance institutions and initiatives interact, taking into account that world governance relies heavily on regional backing. So-called ‘strategic partnerships’ that aim to address global issues and other kinds of summitry are analysed as hindrances or ‘energisers’ of world governance. The evaluation of world governance by the GG10 will take into account the interplay between regional and bi-regional agendas and the international agenda, and identifying where this constitutes a hindrance or a benefit.
- The GG10 is mindful that the preference for ‘constitutionalisation’ is a bias that needs to be avoided; binding institutions do not necessarily require constitutionalisation. However the current penchant for interest rather than rule-based multilateralism, and states to form groups rather than adhere to universal institutions (G-summitry for instance) constitutes however a form of global ‘democratic deficit.’ The work of the GG10 on governance aims to strengthen multilateralism and its institutions.
- The purpose and the original contribution of the GG10 is that it focuses on practical outcomes, although it takes into account the most recent research on governance. It will focus on implementation and the identification of obstacles to genuinely multilateral world governance mechanisms and global responses. In its evaluation of world governance, the GG10 will focus on making practical recommendations and proposals to overcome the obstacles to a genuinely multilateral and effective world system.
GG10 Steering Committee
Steering Committee Coordinator Álvaro DE VASCONCELOS
Past Secretariat Coordinator Atila ERALP
Current Secretariat Coordinator Radha KUMAR
Note: All members contribute to the GG10 project in their individual capacities, independently of their institutional affiliations.